These scams involve a company claiming that they can guarantee you a loan if you pay them a processing fee, an application fee or pay for ‘insurance’ on the loan in advance. The company will advertise on the Internet, in the classified section of a newspaper or magazine, or in a locally posted flyer. They will sometimes use a legitimate company’s name or use a variant of a trusted name. They will sometimes ask you to call them at a "900" number, which will result in charges to your phone bill. They will usually ask to be paid via overnight or courier service or by wire, so that they can’t be traced. In order to avoid being taken in by this scam you should be aware that:
While lenders that offer bad credit loans typically require a minimum FICO score between 580 to 620, the average credit score of borrowers is higher, ranging from 600 to 700. The maximum debt-to-income ratio, which is the total of your monthly debt payments divided by your gross monthly income, allowed by bad credit lenders is higher than what is typically expected for applicants with good credit, ranging from 40 to 45 percent.
6. Beware of scams. It can be difficult to spot a scam among legitimate online lenders. Scammers may not offer you a loan, but instead take the highly private personal and credit information you provided and sell it for misuse. A company may be a scam if it requires upfront fees, ignores your payment history, initiates contact or contacts you nonstop, asks you to pay with a prepaid card or isn’t registered in your state.
Need some more clarification on the loan process and what a payday loan will mean for you? Of course you do! We are committed to educating our Customers on our products and are here to help answer any questions you have. Take a look at the list below of our most frequently asked questions. Don’t see what you’re looking for on this quick list? View the extended FAQ page, give us a call, or hop into a store, and we’ll be sure to give you the fast and friendly service you are looking for!
Research for the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation found that a majority of Illinois payday loan borrowers earn $30,000 or less per year. Texas' Office of the Consumer Credit Commissioner collected data on 2012 payday loan usage, and found that refinances accounted for $2.01 billion in loan volume, compared with $1.08 billion in initial loan volume. The report did not include information about annual indebtedness. A letter to the editor from an industry expert argued that other studies have found that consumers fare better when payday loans are available to them. Pew's reports have focused on how payday lending can be improved, but have not assessed whether consumers fare better with or without access to high-interest loans. Pew's demographic analysis was based on a random-digit-dialing (RDD) survey of 33,576 people, including 1,855 payday loan borrowers.
A licensee may charge and receive on each loan interest at a simple annual rate not to exceed 36 percent. A licensee may charge and receive a loan fee in an amount not to exceed 20 percent of the amount of the loan proceeds advanced to the borrower. A licensee may charge and receive a verification fee in an amount not to exceed $5 for a loan made under this chapter. The verification fee shall be used in part to defray the costs of submitting a database inquiry as provided in subdivision B 4 of §6.1-453.1.
The Ohio Supreme Court resolved any doubts about the legality of this loophole in Ohio Neighborhood Fin., Inc. v. Scott, 139 Ohio St.3d 536, 2014-Ohio-2440. The Court held that payday lenders can also be mortgage lenders under the MLA. Interestingly, one of the justices noted that after passage of the STLA, not a single payday lender registered as such under that law. The justice wrote:
A licensed or supervised lender may charge an amount not to exceed 15 percent of the amount of the cash advance. The contract rate of any loan made under this section shall not be more than three percent per month of the loan proceeds after the maturity date. No insurance charges or any other charges of any nature whatsoever shall be permitted, except returned check fees, including any charges for cashing the loan proceeds if they are given in check form.
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The CFPB has issued several enforcement actions against payday lenders for reasons such as violating the prohibition on lending to military members and aggressive collection tactics. The CFPB also operates a website to answer questions about payday lending. In addition, some states have aggressively pursued lenders they felt violate their state laws.
According to a study by The Pew Charitable Trusts, "Most payday loan borrowers [in the United States] are white, female, and are 25 to 44 years old. However, after controlling for other characteristics, there are five groups that have higher odds of having used a payday loan: those without a four-year college degree; home renters; African Americans; those earning below $40,000 annually; and those who are separated or divorced." Most borrowers use payday loans to cover ordinary living expenses over the course of months, not unexpected emergencies over the course of weeks. The average borrower is indebted about five months of the year.
In calculating finance charges under this subsection, when the first installment period is longer than the remaining installment periods, the amount of the finance charges applicable to the extra days shall not be greater than $15.50 per $100 of the original principal balance divided by the number of days in a regularly scheduled installment period and multiplied by the number of extra days determined by subtracting the number of days in a regularly scheduled installment period from the number of days in the first installment period.
A deferred presentment provider or its affiliate may not charge fees that exceed 10 percent of the currency or payment instrument provided. However, a verification fee may be charged as provided in §560.309(7). The 10 percent fee may not be applied to the verification fee. A deferred presentment provider may charge only those fees specifically authorized in this section.
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Borrowers usually charge a substantial amount in interest, often around 400 percent. With some payday loans, especially those that are extended, the amount you pay in interest is higher than the original loan amount. Payday loans have a reputation of being predatory, targeting those who have poor credit and very few options, need quick access to cash and need the loan to fill pay gaps.