The answers really hinge on the unique nature of a payday loan. Laws vary by jurisdiction, but they create a small carve out for loans under a certain amount and payable in a short period of time. Some laws also require that such loans only be made upon the provision of a post-dated check or other access to the borrower's bank account as collateral. Many of these laws grow out of the same provisions that allow for pawn businesses; another industry often criticized for what many see as predatory loans. Indeed, many payday loan operations have grown up in pawn stores. An increasing number of payday loan operations are even offering their services online.
The Center for Responsible Lending found that almost half of payday loan borrowers will default on their loan within the first two years. Taking out payday loans increases the difficulty of paying the mortgage, rent, and utility bills. The possibility of increased economic difficulties leads to homelessness and delays in medical and dental care and the ability to purchase drugs. For military men, using payday loans lowers overall performance and shortens service periods. To limit the issuance of military payday loans, the 2007 Military Lending Act established an interest rate ceiling of 36% on military payday loans. A 2013 article by Dobbie and Skiba found that more than 19% of initial loans in their study ended in default. Based on this, Dobbie and Skiba claim that the payday loan market is high risk.