I disagree with other's that borrowing from friends and family or pawning are less viable options. Each consumer must do what fits their personal situation best. I think people need to seek more financial literacy; there is plenty of free, sound advice for managing personal finance from a variety of sources. Even with little money to manage, understanding budget basics is crucial to financial security.
A licensee may charge a fee to defray operational costs, including, but not limited to, investigating the checking account and copying required documents, photographing the person signing the check, securing the check and customer records in a safe, fire-proof place, maintaining records as required by this chapter, maintaining required capital and liquidity, processing, documenting and closing the transaction, and for other expenses and losses. The fee authorized by this subsection (b) shall not exceed 15 percent of the face amount of the check. The fee, when made and collected, shall not be deemed interest for any purpose of law.
A licensee must set the due date of a small loan on or after the date of the borrower's next pay date. If a borrower's next pay date is within seven days of taking out the loan, a licensee must set the due date of a small loan on or after the borrower's second pay date after the date the small loan is made. The termination date of a small loan may not exceed the origination date of that same small loan by more than 45 days, including weekends and holidays, unless the term of the loan is extended by agreement of both the borrower and the licensee and no additional fee or interest is charged.
For purposes of determining the finance charge earned on an installment payday loan, the disclosed annual percentage rate shall be applied to the principal balances outstanding from time to time until the loan is paid in full, or until the maturity date, whichever occurs first. No finance charge may be imposed after the final scheduled maturity date.
To reduce these legal conflicts between states and stanch the supply of unregulated high-rate loans, reformers tried to establish a common regulatory framework by drafting a uniform law to govern small loans. The first draft of the law, known as the Uniform Small Loan Law, appeared in the late 1910s and allowed licensed lenders to make loans of up to $300 (more than $4,000 in today’s dollars) and to charge fees and interest of no more than 3.5 percent per month. The law, drafted by the Russell Sage Foundation and members of the trade association for small-sum lenders, aimed to legitimize the business by drawing in “honest capital,” meaning lenders who were “reputable men” and would charge no more than the maximum rate.
APR Disclosure: The Annual Percentage Rate (APR) is the interest rate charged by the lender, based on the amount loaned, cost and duration of the loan, number of repayments, and timing of repayments. This rate and other terms will be presented to you in a loan agreement prior to signing the contract, as per federal law. The maximum APR that lenders can charge for loans varies from state to state. On average the rate will fall between 200% and 1386% for cash advance loans, and 6.63% to 225% for installment loans. Some states have no regulations regarding APRs and therefore the lender can charge any rate they desire. A lender reserves the right to change their APR at any time, within state regulations.
The answers really hinge on the unique nature of a payday loan. Laws vary by jurisdiction, but they create a small carve out for loans under a certain amount and payable in a short period of time. Some laws also require that such loans only be made upon the provision of a post-dated check or other access to the borrower's bank account as collateral. Many of these laws grow out of the same provisions that allow for pawn businesses; another industry often criticized for what many see as predatory loans. Indeed, many payday loan operations have grown up in pawn stores. An increasing number of payday loan operations are even offering their services online.
Note that accounts closed in good standing stay on your credit report for 10 more years, so it doesn’t affect your credit age in the near term. After 10 years, the closed account will only lower your average age if you close old accounts and keep newer ones around. If you close newer accounts and keep the old ones open, this may actually help improve your credit score.
Many consumers who need cash quickly turn to payday loans – short-term, high interest loans that are generally due on the consumer’s next payday after the loan is taken out. The annual percentage rate of these loans is usually very high – i.e., 390% or more. In recent years, the availability of payday loans via the Internet has markedly increased. Unfortunately, some payday lending operations have employed deception and other illegal conduct to take advantage of financially distressed consumers seeking these loans.
With overdraft payment programs, also called ‘courtesy’ overdraft protection or bounce coverage, the bank pays any checks that you write, debit purchases or ATM withdrawals that are for more money than you have in your account. The decision to make this payment is at the sole discretion of the bank. The bank will charge a fee for each transaction and some banks will also charge a daily fee until the account has a positive balance. Some banks will charge loan fees, sometimes twice in a billing period. In order to avoid the imposition of additional charges, the customer must repay the bank the amount that it covered plus any accumulated fees.
When interest rates on payday loans were capped to 150% in Oregon, causing a mass exit from the industry and preventing borrowers from taking out payday loans, there was a negative effect with bank overdrafts, late bills, and employment. The effect is in the opposite direction for military personnel. Job performance and military readiness declines with increasing access to payday loans.