To prevent usury (unreasonable and excessive rates of interest), some jurisdictions limit the annual percentage rate (APR) that any lender, including payday lenders, can charge. Some jurisdictions outlaw payday lending entirely, and some have very few restrictions on payday lenders. In the United States, the rates of these loans used to be restricted in most states by the Uniform Small Loan Laws (USLL),[4][5] with 36–40% APR generally the norm.
Critics of the CFPB rule, such as House Financial Services Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling (R-Tex.), argue that federal regulation of these loans infringes on state sovereignty. But the current system of state-level regulation, without any federal floor, imposes its  burdens on states that seek to protect their residents from payday loans. Lenders often operate across state lines, lending from states where payday loans are permitted to borrowers in states where such loans are illegal. This makes it incredibly difficult for these “restrictive” states to protect their residents from being saddled with unaffordable debts.
In AK, AZ, DC, FL, HI, IN, KY, ME, MI, MN, MT, NE, ND, OK, OR, RI, SD, WA and WY all installment loans are originated by FinWise Bank, a Utah chartered bank, located in Sandy, Utah, member FDIC. California applicants may be funded by one of several lenders, including: (i) FinWise Bank; or, (ii) OppLoans, a licensed lender in certain states. All loans funded by FinWise Bank will be serviced by OppLoans.
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Home equity is the value of your home minus the money you still owe on the home. You can sometimes borrow money from a lender by using the equity in your home as security on a loan. Home equity lending fraud occurs when someone talks a homeowner into taking out a loan that they don’t need or that is bigger than they need, or has higher interest rates and higher fees and larger monthly payments than they can afford. If the homeowner falls behind on payments, the lender can take the home.
The Center for Responsible Lending found that almost half of payday loan borrowers will default on their loan within the first two years.[58] Taking out payday loans increases the difficulty of paying the mortgage, rent, and utility bills. The possibility of increased economic difficulties leads to homelessness and delays in medical and dental care and the ability to purchase drugs. For military men, using payday loans lowers overall performance and shortens service periods. To limit the issuance of military payday loans, the 2007 Military Lending Act established an interest rate ceiling of 36% on military payday loans.[59] A 2013 article by Dobbie and Skiba found that more than 19% of initial loans in their study ended in default. Based on this, Dobbie and Skiba claim that the payday loan market is high risk.[60]
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