A debt trap is defined as "A situation in which a debt is difficult or impossible to repay, typically because high interest payments prevent repayment of the principal." According to the Center for Responsible Lending, 76% of the total volume of payday loans are due to loan churning, where loans are taken out within two weeks of a previous loan. The center states that the devotion of 25-50 percent of the borrowers' paychecks leaves most borrowers with inadequate funds, compelling them to take new payday loans immediately. The borrowers will continue to pay high percentages to float the loan across longer time periods, effectively placing them in a debt-trap.
Sometimes you can't catch up on bills as they pile up. Many companies consider an account in default if you exceed several months without making arrangements or catching up on missed bills. Some businesses work with collection agencies to try to recover any owed money. When that happens, you might see a collection notation on your report. Collections may remain on your account after you pay them off, but if a lender manually looks at your report, they can see your steps toward financial responsibility.
Make a realistic budget, including your monthly and daily expenditures, and plan, plan, plan. Try to avoid unnecessary purchases: the costs of small, every-day items like a cup of coffee add up. At the same time, try to build some savings: small deposits do help. A savings plan — however modest — can help you avoid borrowing for emergencies. Saving the fee on a $300 payday loan for six months, for example, can help you create a buffer against financial emergencies.
Critics of the CFPB rule, such as House Financial Services Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling (R-Tex.), argue that federal regulation of these loans infringes on state sovereignty. But the current system of state-level regulation, without any federal floor, imposes its burdens on states that seek to protect their residents from payday loans. Lenders often operate across state lines, lending from states where payday loans are permitted to borrowers in states where such loans are illegal. This makes it incredibly difficult for these “restrictive” states to protect their residents from being saddled with unaffordable debts.
A single payday advance is typically for two to four weeks. However, borrowers often use these loans over a period of months, which can be expensive. Payday advances are not recommended as long-term financial solutions. Notice to Louisiana customers: If you cannot make payment when due, you can ask to enter into an extended payment plan once in a twelve-month period, but the request must be made before payment is due. Should Money Mart refuse to enter into an extended payment plan upon your request before the due date, contact the Office of Financial Institutions at 1-888-525-9414 (LA customers only).
In Texas, Speedy Cash operates as a Registered Credit Access Business (CAB). The actual Lender is an unaffiliated third party. Speedy Cash engages in the money transmission business as an authorized delegate of Western Union Financial Services, Inc. under Chapter 151 of the Texas Finance Code. Speedy Cash engages in the money transmission and/or currency exchange business as an authorized delegate of MoneyGram Payment Systems, Inc. and Western Union Financial Services under Chapter 151 of the Texas Finance Code.
In calculating finance charges under this subsection, when the first installment period is longer than the remaining installment periods, the amount of the finance charges applicable to the extra days shall not be greater than $15.50 per $100 of the original principal balance divided by the number of days in a regularly scheduled installment period and multiplied by the number of extra days determined by subtracting the number of days in a regularly scheduled installment period from the number of days in the first installment period.
For payday loans, the CFPB rule will likewise set minimum standards for lenders, while allowing states to impose more stringent requirements. Lenders in permissive states may continue to lend to borrowers in restrictive states in violation of state law. But the federal rule will mitigate the worst effects of this practice, ensuring that borrowers in restrictive states receive a minimum level of consumer protection when out-of-state lenders reach across state lines.